Rabu, 11 April 2012

Meaning of Overclocking

When she heard about the word "overclocking", the minds of most ordinary people would have been fixed on the complexity of computer systems is to dismantle the complex, while others would imagine the figure of a computer maniac (complete with all its peculiar attributes) is to disassemble the computer. Of course many of these things are not true. This article tries to give a more "grounded" on the overclocking world takes us at once that still lay hidden potential to optimize the computers we use everyday in a way to overclock it. Please enjoy.Recognition and understanding of overclockingOverclocking is a force as the name of a peripheral clock, usually clock of the processor, higher than the standard. In the development of overclocking is not necessarily related to the increase in clock, but also when we force a peri-Peral works faster than stan-darnya. (Clock: unit of frequency that occurs in the first time, to be in the know: Mhz processor is calculated from the multiply FSB multiplier, or the so-called multiplier. Example: Intel Pentium 2.66 GHz = 20 x 133, where 20 is the multiplier, while the 133 is the FSB of the processor).Initially, the overclocking just to get a system that is faster than stan-darnya even close to the specification of the system it is above the system he has. But in its development, overclocking becomes a hobby, a new trend in the computer world. Overclocking does not just aim to get an equivalent system with a system that was on it but also go beyond the system. Even now there is a trend where overclocking is used to get a system that is really beyond the limits of logic, or even far beyond the capacity of the existing system is the fastest.Computer peripherals that are usual and common overclock of processor clock, FSB processor, mainboard FSB, memory timings, FSB memory, VGA core clock and memory, VGA memory timings. Do not stop there, still no change in the voltage / voltage on the pro sessor, memory, VGA, and chipsets to run stable on overclocked systems. Why should any change in voltage / voltage? As we know a peri-feral slightest computer would require electric power to be able to work / run. If we increase / change the clock of a peripheral peripherals are obviously just need enough power to work / run stable. Therefore, one important factor in overclocking is enough power supply from power providers, the Power Supply.The influence of a peripheral when the overclock is to make the performance more quickly than peripheral standard with effect beside the peripheral temperature is hotter than it should, system instability, even making the peripherals will not work. The things that makes someone want to explore overclocking reluctant to start it, but in no degree-level overclocking itself. We divide it into three:-Overclocking Safe, Real-Overclocking, & Extreme-Overclocking the way and its purpose is different.We will provide a brief overview of how to optimize your PC by way of overclocking with the least possible side effects of daily computer use. We used to call it a 'safe-overclocking' or sometimes also called 'optimization'.Safe-overclocking / optimization on a PCSafe overclocking is the optimization of the PC safely without requiring any changes or additional equipment on existing systems. For this coverage, we will only discuss the computer operating system Windows only, by reason of ba-nyaknya software available for this operating system and also with consideration of many that use this operating system. Microsoft Windows which we discuss here is Windows the most widely used by computer users, the Windows XP. 
Before you start overclocking, you should already know what-what is available to your system, what kind of processor it, what the default FSB, how your memory timings, and so forth. To find out you can see in the box sales, or if you do not want to bother you should use a software 'Hardware diagnostic' a point to inform any peripherals installed in your system. Variations of the software there are many, but we usually use Sisoftsandra, or Everest Home Edition which can be downloaded at www.lavalyst.com.Previous noteworthy that not all motherboards have overclocking via BIOS support. To find out if your motherboard supports overclocking features (in this context is the Safe-Overclcoking), Read your motherboard manual, in the BIOS, is there a setting on the processor clock speed, FSB processor, the processor timing. If there were not, there are other alternative is to use software overclocking (some brands of mainboard has overclockingnya own software, and usually if there is any software overclocking the BIOS supports overclocking). Software that is commonly used to overclock is ClockGen which can be downloaded at www.cpuid.com.How it works is ClockGen with direct access a clock generator IC on mainboard. But this software can only be to raise the clock, could not change the memory timings. Therefore we will not discuss further ClockGen this time because our focus is on the processor FSB FSB and memory to memory timings alone.Once we know what the contents of the system is in use and also BIOS supports overclocking, now we have to know what are the settings that must be changed so that our computer is running optimally. For the optimization context we are only going to ngubah FSB setting of memory to the processor FSB and memory timings without changing the voltage of the memory or processor.Intel-based system of different ways optimalisasinya with AMD-based systems. Here we will outline how the optimization of both systems in a separate annex.Although we believe that the optimization was done actually can be applied without any problems, but to prevent it if the computer is having things go wrong, such as will not boot, or the computer suddenly restarts when loading Windows (Windows loading fails), or we also get the error message into Windows you should take the following steps:If the computer will not boot and emits a long-term that means the memory settings are not entered in accordance with the memory (the memory will not run with this setting). Solution of this problem is let's turn off the computer total (direct from stavolt or main power, wait one minute and turn back, if still dead and we have to read off the computer and open the casing, looking for clear-cmos jumper (can be seen in your mainboard manual where the jumper is).If the computer suddenly restarts when loading Windows or an error message when going into Windows, can cause all sorts. If you do not overclock the processor then maybe the power / voltage required by the processor is not enough, try to restore the processor clock. If the same problem still occurs then also try to restore the settings back as the original state. De with a back way into the BIOS, and then select the [Load Optimized Defaults].When we have problems at the state must return to its original condition, that is when we know that the peripherals we use is optimal. Safe-overclocking will not work here. You must rise to the 'level' the next, Real-Overclocking. Here the addition of voltage is required, the replacement of peripherals can also be a right choice. When 'le-vel' Extreme-Overclocking is achieved? When a computer is no longer the standard setting like a normal computer, it did not again be able to walk everyday without using a better cooler, and you certainly will find it all still not enough. And for sure you still want more than the one before.Testing the safe-overclockingAfter we perform the optimization on the PC it's time for testing. Why do we need testing? Because we must ensure that the system is running without any problems. Testing is also done if we want to know what performance is obtained from the optimization results.Prime95 real function is to find a new prime number by using the maximum power the processor and memory. This software is vulnerable to error when we run the system did not stabilize. This is because when calculating and looking for prime numbers, when confronted with the slightest mistake then this program will refuse to continue. This is why Prime95 is used by overclockers to test the stability of their systems after the overclock. Prime95 is normally used is version 22.1.2. To get it please download the address www.mersenne.org / prime.htm. 
Download the program on your computer. Here is a step-by-step manual:Install software Prime95 and run the application.Select the menu [Options] and click on the [CPU].Setting [Me-Mory Available Daytime] & [Nightime Available Memory] with a value of half the number of main memory is installed (Example: You have a capacity of 512 MB RAM, then the second column is filled with 256 MB), then click [OK].Select another menu [Options] and click on the [Torture Test] and let the test run for 24 hours.If there are errors, the first thing you should do is setting the memory timings back as the original state. If there are errors, do the [Load Optimized Settings] in the BIOS menu. 
The real test is the most important tests performed with real-life application, the application that we use everyday. For example, if we can listen to music while doing office work / college / school with no problem, play your favorite game without any problem, open the image file and edit it with image software also without any problems? With optimization techniques that we just do should we use the system running stable and with higher performance than before (no 100% guarantee that all systems can run stable).In the context of optimization / safe-overclocking which we just did it may be derived from the advantages and disadvantages:Advantages:Higher performance than the previous system without the cost.Increase knowledge about the hardware.Understand how to solve problems on the computer.Disadvantages: Almost none, except the time set aside for this optimization.Gains and losses derived from overclockingWhy losses do not relate to the hardware on your system? Because we do is optimize the settings. Why does not the manufacturer in a peripheral setting like that? Compatibility is the main problem. As we know, the same peripherals (eg its memory) made by different manufacturers, in order to avoid problems later on for the products they make. So usually they make the setting on the periphery to the safest settings / low. Based on our experience, peripheral, peripherals can be set higher without any problems at all. This is why Safe and easy-overclocking able to put into practice immediately. 
More on overclockingOnce we see this example, you may now wonder whether we actually do that? We just did is increase the flow of data between the processor - chipset - Intel or memory on the system memory on the AMD processor-memory access time and shorten the data that was in though, so that the flow of data to be transferred more quickly. Why is such a thing can be said to overclocking, as there is no increase dangkan processor clock?As we have suggested earlier that the overclocking is basically make the system we use today to run faster and stable than before. And the technique just described is the easiest technique to be done without any risk to damage your hardware that would be detrimental. It should be noted also during overclock still have to be careful. 
Overclocking now actually have started to be supported by almost all manufacturers feral fairy-computer, which was pioneered by one of the mainboard manufacturer from Taiwan since 1993. Perhaps for those who had been taking his computer too long ago still remember how hard to assemble their own systems that we buy because they have to change the jumper on the mainboard to mainboard recognize the processor that we use. But now the manufacturer has made so that these settings can be done from the BIOS, without having to touch the mainboard at all, even on some manufacturers already provide the setting to change the voltage / voltage for peripherals in it. This is the gap for the overclocker to enable them to overclock their system, until the manufacturer mainboard was made Under-Windows overclocking software that can be used without having to enter the BIOS. 
It is also viewed by overclockers usually peri-feral quality. Examples such as the mainboard manufacturer, the manufacturer of capacitors contained in the mainboard, the manufacturer and the serial chip used by the memory, date and specific series of a processor, a VGA date of manufacture, and many others. Things like the above will greatly affect the overclocking is done. Why like that? We will describe a bit with an example:We take a simple example to the processor. Why does the date and a specific series processors can be overclocked higher than other series? A core and processor board consists of putting a corenya, both of these affect the final quality of a processor is in production. One-time production processes can occur both are good quality, all processors are made on the very good quality. But if only one of two things is good, then good quality. Likewise, when the production process are both not so good it can be said the quality is average. Why at some point the production process can be good at other times just average? It is related to how a processor factory to make their products. The cost to make the processor is not small. Besides the influence of the method is. A processor is made using the intensity of the laser beam that is fired in such a way that it formed a processor as we see now. 
"At certain times of the production process of the processor is not focused so that the laser is sometimes less than perfect results. This is why there is a very good processor (we call it the processor "gold") and there is an average. To find out the differences in the quality of each processor is usually we try one by one processor with a date and a different series or so-called batch code ".Other examples are also easily viewed from the manufacturer of the mainboard / other peripherals. Why is that? Because if a manufacturer has always made a quality board that the manufacturer will always be known for their reliability. We can see there are some manufacturers that specially created mainboard for overclockers. The manufacturer specializing from the beginning was to make products for overclockers. Quality components in their mainboard is the component of the upper classes, the features of their BIOS overclocking is very supportive, because they were the first in the world to introduce innovations mainboard without the jumper, all can be set up enough of the BIOS. As was discussed earlier, the feature of setting the FSB, voltage / voltage, memory timings can be so easily with the change of the BIOS. So that we can replicate the setting of a similar system but the specification is higher than our system. 
That gap is used by overclockers to overclock their systems. Whichever way they would have to obtain a higher system than the other just for the sake of inner satisfaction. For now, overclocking has not been able to be used as a job. But one of the effects of overclocking the knowledge of the hardware and how to repair any damage to the hardware if it can put us together with a reliable computer technician. 
Overclocking is not something that is scary, you just need to know a bit of a peripheral character and how to optimize it correctly, that's all. The more often you are dealing with this problem and solve the case, then overclocking is as easy as installing the software. Overclocking in our opinion is the impact of the computers in our midst. Because there is a computer hacker, because there are also computer overclocker. Manner and different interests, but with the same purpose, namely to use their computers more than just 'counting machines' or 'typewriter'.Will be described in this article regarding the early introduction and the basics of overclocking and computer optimization. The discussion that we have described here a step by step guide that must be done for the overclocking. For this first edition of our new first stage to say that the introduction and analysis of the most influential hardware for system optimization and overclocking (processor, display card, power supply, and memory), in a nutshell. For more detailed explanation will be further described in a special article. (Flag)In order to get optimal results, we have to go through step by step process of overclocking is correct. But when we do optimizing and overclocking, we are often impatient and immediately expect to get excellent results in the shortest possible period of time. We never try to look at the stages that must be passed prior to overclocking, because the whole process is actually very big influence on the optimization results we obtain. Usually without a clear step-step and a lot of thinking, we go through the BIOS, increase the FSB (Front Side Bus), raising the voltage, there permutations here to find the fastest setting, and so on. As a result system performance rather than increased stability but it is a victim. Even if no improvement results are still far from expectations. The effects of overclocking at random, the computer becomes frequent hangs, restart, blue screen, and other such problems arise. So much to complain even think of overclocking is the "scourge" that just makes the computer becomes unstable, hot, and easily damaged. Actually, a computer optimization process, even overclocking it to go through the steps necessary for the stage and not at random so that the results obtained are unsatisfactory or as expected. Due to the optimization and overclocking right and true, could make computers even with a very high specification could easily be defeated by using a computer that has a lot on paper specs are below. Not only was defeated in terms of speed, but also in terms of stability and reliability to overcome heavy applications. From here we try to understand that the art of overclocking is not just trying to improve performance and speed, but also maintain or even increase the durability of the system stability. For the purpose in this article we try to give step by step guide we have to do in the process of optimizing and overclocking, namely: 
In this phase we try to understand every component available in our system, one by one we understand its characteristics, optimum and maximum capacity. It is actually very important for those who want to assemble a system. Because as already stated above, the selection of hardware systems with the "right" with a much cheaper price, be able to have the performance and stability of the system at a price well above the two or even three times as much from him. So how could this have happened? This all seems strange, but this is not nonsense, because the most important hardware component of the selection is "balance" of performance. In a sense the system is truly built to provide the actual performance. What is an "actual performance"? Well this is the optimal hardware performance, because labeling, packing, and series of a product is not necessarily describe the optimal performance. Whether it's processor, display card, memory, and so on, all we can not simply compare the optimal performance of "name, label, and typenya". Because the output of new goods, the higher the number, and the larger series, it's not necessarily a greater ability to describe. Then how can we know the performance of 'optimal', or the actual performance? Following this initial overview will be given to understand:PROCESSOR: 
-CORE is a die of the processor, each series has its own code name. By knowing the processor core code, we can recognize the type of processor, FSB, its cache size, technology, and other important information. To that end, so that we can better understand and get to know about the processor, let's talk about the core and code corenya, never again get caught up in the official naming of the processor manufacturer. The naming of the series of the producer does not necessarily indicate actual performance and potential, and even tends to confuse and trap. By understanding the code name we will be more observant core processor to determine which is best and has the greatest potential for overclocking. For example: FX 60 has the same type of core X2 4400 + (Toledo) when the price offered is more than twice as expensive, and of course still very many other examples. With the introduction of the core we can save money because a lot of stuff that's cheap compared to the performance is not much different. 
Processor-CLOCK often confuses us, for that you should never judge the performance of the processor clock (GHz / MHz) speednya. Often we are stuck with a clock rate "GHz / MHz" of the processor. But actually it's very, very wrong, and very, very not relevant anymore to make our performance benchmarks. For example, some people are confused with an older processor with a clock 3000Mhz / 3GHz, but why it is now processor only recently has a lower clock (1.8GHz, 2.4Ghz). Even worse, sometimes some people just consider this as fraud. Possible to the time of the Pentium I, Pentium II, Pentium III, AMD K6, and earlier processors, clock speeds can still be used as a benchmark, but now can not anymore. This is an increasingly dizzying 'end-user' for the performance of the processor is vague and unclear, because the naming series that is very diverse and not easily understood. This is because Intel has also begun using a benchmark of performance, is no longer based on the clock, which had been pioneered AMD. Of course you still remember the Athlon XP 1700 + with a clock 1463Mhz. This will be discussed again later in this special issue processor. But for your convenience, a benchmark crude and simple, if we want to buy a processor, the clock should we look for "low" or type of processor technology with the "latest". Even clocknya seem to be lower, if it is the newest type, the performance would be more promising to offer to you, and you are not guaranteed to be the wrong choice, or disappointed with it. 
CODE-series processor, or processor production batch code, sometimes it becomes very important to detect the series 'Gold-Batch' of a particular processor type. Because the processor to type and quality of the same series can be varied. So what is a 'Gold-Batch'? This simple explanation, hundreds of pieces of the processor with the same technology, although its speed is different series, printed in one place the same mold as "wafer" (wafer is a circular plate as a mold processor). Here processors are in the middle position the wafer is believed likely to have higher capacity, because the accuracy of the projection beam to the silicon focus more precisely on the center of the wafer. Of the processor that generated the initial testing, and usually the difference in the performance of the test was made level variations in processor speeds on the market. Thus, different processor speeds could he be in the same mold. For the difference in the performance of "optimal" is actually the same as well, just on a given processor PCB plate "FID" or the regulator to determine the clock speed that he was running at standard conditions. Sometime early in the production of a new processor type, one plate wafer used for a series of the same, so it is possible processor with the highest quality can be sold on the series, and series production code then this is what we call the "Gold-Batch" . To find a processor who are in a position where it is, there is a specific batch code that can be traced, processors, code-code option is the usual privileges sought by the overclocker. The term 'Gold-Batch' is only to facilitate menginisiali these processors. After identifying the type and batch CPU, you need to know and recognize that the speed limit could be exceeded by your CPU is.

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